VHF has gathered the following information in order to answer common heritage concerns. If you have a question or query not answered below, feel free to contact the VHF office Monday to Friday from 9am-5pm Monday to Friday, 604 264 9642.
VHF has also developed several unique educational resources on conservation and related topics. These consider a wide range of heritage structures and places including residential, commercial and institutional buildings, neighbourhoods, as well as sites of historic, cultural, social and environmental significance.
Built heritage encompasses houses, buildings, bridges, monuments, structures and landscapes defined by their heritage value and/or heritage character. According to the National Standards & Guidelines for the Conservation of Historic Places in Canada, “heritage value is the aesthetic, historic, scientific, social or spiritual importance or significance for past, present, or future generations.” Vancouver possesses a rich and varied collection of heritage buildings ranging from the late 1800’s to the modern era as well as other types of heritage places including those that pre-date the modern city and reflect the much longer history of Indigenous communities.
The City of Vancouver has a municipal heritage register that lists many heritage buildings, structures and sites. However, if a building or place is not listed on the Vancouver Heritage Register this does not necessarily mean that it is not a heritage house or that it does not have heritage value and/or character.
Sometimes called ‘living heritage’, intangible heritage is the “traditions or living expressions inherited from our ancestors and passed on to our descendants, such as oral traditions, performing arts, social practices, rituals, festive events, knowledge and practices concerning nature and the universe or the knowledge and skills to produce traditional crafts.”-UNESCO
Designation of heritage buildings as protected heritage property is a legislative tool that ensures they remain a legacy for future generations. Designation allows the City to regulate, with by-laws, the demolition, relocation and alteration of heritage property. The heritage legislation that passed in 1994 allows for the designation of identified interior fixtures and features as well as the exterior. Changes to a designated site require a Heritage Alteration Permit. City Council’s policy on heritage designation states the following:
While Council can consider designation without an owner’s consent as a means of protection for a heritage property, in practice, most designations are agreed to by building owners in exchange for incentives. Designations are noted on the property title.
Visit the City of Vancouver’s website to learn more about heritage designation or speak to the Heritage Planning Department.
The Vancouver Heritage Register is the cornerstone of the City’s Heritage Program. Adopted in 1986 (then known as the Heritage Inventory), it is a policy and guideline document that includes more than 2,200 buildings, landscapes, monuments and archaeological sites. The Register was compiled based on a comprehensive architectural survey of the city conducted by a study team that looked at every street in Vancouver to identify notable buildings and places. To be included on the Register, sites must be identified as having heritage value and/or heritage character and be at least 20 years old. The Register is a planning tool that provides a valuable record of Vancouver’s heritage.
The City has adopted a number of regulations, policies and guidelines that affect buildings or sites listed on this Register. Property owners and other developers should consult these regulations, policies and guidelines prior to proposing changes to these properties. Many buildings and sites were not included in the Heritage Inventory of 1986 and therefore are not listed on the Vancouver Heritage Register today. If a site is not listed on the Register, it does not automatically mean that it is not a heritage building or site. Heritage buildings are added on to the City’s Heritage Register every year, usually through the owner’s initiative. In fact, one of the initiatives of the Heritage Action Plan is to update the Heritage Register.
To see if a building is on the Vancouver Heritage Register, you can look it up on the City of Vancouver’s website, the Heritage Site Finder or call Vancouver Heritage Foundation’s office at 604 264 9642, Monday to Friday from 9am-5pm. If your house, building or site is not listed on the Register, it does not automatically mean that it is not a heritage site.
VHF encourages heritage home and building owners to nominate their buildings to be added to the Vancouver Heritage Register. A listing on the Heritage Register makes your building eligible for municipal protection through Designation or a Heritage Revitalization Agreement (HRA) and eligible to apply for Vancouver Heritage Foundation’s Heritage Conservation Grants. To be included on the Heritage Register, homes must be identified by City heritage staff as having heritage value and/or heritage character and be at least 20 years old.
Archaeological sites are the physical evidence of past human occupation and make up 98% of BC’s historical evidence for the last 14,000 years. Sites range in size and complexity from single artifact finds to village sites with layers of occupation. They differ from heritage buildings in that most often their character-defining elements are hidden or unknown. In BC, any sites or objects pre-dating 1846 that have heritage value to BC, a community or First Nations are considered archaeological and are protected by the Heritage Conservation Act. Permits are required for any activity that may disturb archaeological heritage. Most heritage buildings, on the other hand, post-date 1846 and are protected by municipal legislation. To learn more about archaeological heritage and the responsibilities of property owners and developers, visit the Archaeology Branch’s website.
Also check out the guidelines concerning archaeological sites in the National Standards and Guidelines for the Conservation of Historic Places in Canada.
If you are interested in learning more about when your building was built and who may have lived there, download our research guide. The guide will walk you through different resources that you can use to investigate the history of your home. VHF also regularly runs workshops and talks about researching heritage buildings.
The City of Vancouver Archives is a great place to start when looking for historical records of Vancouver. The City Archives also have a large digital collection of historical photos. For more resources visit our Vancouver History Resources page which has links to historical material as well as archival photos and documents.
Alterations can be made to heritage buildings. However, there are guidelines and policies in place which should be followed. Alterations and maintenance should have minimal impact and should respect the heritage value of the building and its character defining elements. The City of Vancouver’s policy on altering heritage buildings on the Heritage Register states:
“The exterior of a building listed on the Vancouver Heritage Register can be altered. However, the heritage value of each building on the Vancouver Heritage Register is formally recognized, and the elements that define the building’s character should be respected.”
Municipally designated heritage buildings require a Heritage Alteration Permit to alter exteriors and where applicable interior elements and landscape features. Designated buildings are protected under the Heritage By-law.
Learn more about requirements for designated buildings and how to apply for a Heritage Alteration Permit.
Before altering your heritage building it is important to understand existing heritage conservation guidelines. To learn more, see the project planning tips we have created for homeowners that help ensure you preserve the charm of your heritage building when planning small or large projects.
Check out our Building Owner’s Guide. We have compiled information to help you plan your project, technical how-to articles about common issues, such as how to restore wood windows, and advice on maintaining your building.
VHF offers several educational workshops, talks and courses on heritage conservation. To learn about additional career and educational opportunities try the following links.
Get Involved! Join VHF and a growing community of people who want to limit the demolition of our heritage buildings and places, promoting heritage conservation through education and awareness. VHF offers tours, events, workshops and lectures as well as online resources for learning more about Vancouver’s heritage.
Support VHF! You can support VHF by volunteering, partnering with us or by donation. Vancouver Heritage Foundation is a registered charity promoting the appreciation and conservation of our city’s heritage places for current and future generations.
Have your say in the city’s development! The City of Vancouver offers several ways to get involved. You can keep up to date on the Heritage Commission’s initiatives, all meeting dates and minutes are posted online and VHF provides updates about the Heritage Action Plan and new developments concerning heritage. There are also opportunities to join committees and advisory boards.