Open Gable Bargeboard Decorative Glazing Front Stairs Pier Rafter Tails Muntin Bar Mullion Cladding

Swipe/Scroll to view the whole image

Click on the diagram or expand the term index to learn more about the features.


Also called a vergeboard, a board or other decorative woodwork fixed to the edges or projecting rafters of a gabled roof. When perforated or turned elaborately, also called gingerbread.

Also referred to as siding, cladding is the outermost layer of the wall system, providing resistance to the natural elements and acting as a control device for drainage. Depending on the house style, various kinds of stucco, horizontal and vertical boards may be used as cladding. Types of cladding/siding: Board and Batten Clapboard Drop Lap Masonry Shakes Shingle Shiplap Stucco

Decorative Glazing

Stained, beveled, or leaded glass glazing that is separated by “cames” (slender grooved bars of lead) and which appears in windows and doors.

Front Stairs

Bridging the porch and street, the front stairs provide easy access to the home through the use of treads and risers. Staircases are found in a number of configurations on the façade in response to accessibility and style.

Gable Roof

A pitched roof that ends in a gable (the triangular portion of a wall defined by the sloping edges of the roof and a horizontal line between the eave line).

A vertical post, frame, or double jamb dividing two window sashes or large panes of glass. Not to be confused with muntin.

Muntin Bars

Also known as glazing bars, the cross pieces dividing the panes of glass within a window sash. Not to be confused with mullion.

A square, sometimes tapered (as opposed to round) column.

A sloping roof beam, the exposed ends of which are called rafter tails.


Front-Gabled Single Storey Craftsman: “California Bungalow”

The purest Craftsman style, common in Kitsilano in particular, is a front-gabled bungalow with a low-pitched roof and integral porch, small attic window, clinker brick or stone porch piers with no middle post. They occasionally have a mock-Japanese flair in carved fascia boards and clinker-brick chimneys. On the eastern side of the city, Craftsman cottages often have a simple single gable with knee brackets, sometimes with a gabled bay, also bracketed, providing a half porch.


  • Low pitched front-gabled roof
  • 1-1/2 storey
  • Often wood detailing in top of front gable
  • Full or half porch
  • Small attic window
  • Exposed soffits
  • Large brackets under eaves
  • Double-hung windows

Share your Story

Why do VHF’s house styles matter to you? Tell us your story or help us with more information. Please note that your story and/or photo(s) of houses could be added to the webtool. Thank you!