Dutch Colonial Revival1920s - 1930s

Dutch Colonial Revival Gambrel Roof Shed Dormer Eaves Cladding

Dutch Colonial Revival Features

Origins

A North American vernacular style stemming from the Dutch and Hugenot settlements in the Hudson River states of the 1700’s, the Dutch Colonial Revival came back into favour after the American Centennial and was one of the most popular of the mail-order kit houses of the 20’s and 30’s. The unique “barn-style” or gambrel roof with its dual slope roofs front and back, usually embellished with one or more shed roofs, made for a simply framed variation of the Colonial with a centre entrance hall and symmetrical windows on each side.

Form

The barn-style roof outline which is side-facing makes the Dutch Colonial highly distinguishable. The more refined versions have a bell-cast flare at the eaves, a Flemish influence. The massing follow the simple rectangular shape dictated by the roofline, sometimes with an “ell” shaped addition. More elaborate gambrel roofs substitute individual dormers in the steepest slope instead of the shed dormers seen in the mail-order houses. Bay windows may be present on either side of the front door.

Details

The front door is nearly always centered with sidelights and depending on ceiling heights, a centre transom or fanlight window is placed over a solid paneled door. Windows are double-hung with a four, six or nine paned upper window over a single paned bottom window and are placed symmetrically or ganged together in two or three groups (sometimes four). Shutters equal in size to the glazing flank the upper windows in particular and bracketed window boxes are often included. Masonry chimneys are centered on the side-facing walls often flanked on the attic elevation with quarter round windows.

Materials

Rough cast stucco replaced lap siding (usually white) in the thirties. Green trim, shutters, windows and doors was the most popular colour choice along with white siding. Foundations were concrete with a brick veneer in more upscale examples.